Sustainable Web Development
Sustainable web development can help to stop the destruction. Minimalism, optimization, and choosing eco-friendly service providers (Green IT) are measures that we commit ourselves to as signatories of the Sustainable Web Manifesto. A directory of sustainable web workers has been another step to establish sustainable web development.
We have already been able to estimate loading times (web speed) and accessibility (a11y) of websites. The online tool Website Carbon Calculator tries to measure websites’ eco-friendliness, and so does Ecograder.
Also worth reading: Web Sustainability: What is it and how to approach it (by Ricardo Moreira).